Republic of Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone's General Information
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Capital of the Republic of Sierra Leone
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberial
Coordinates: 8 30 N, 11 30 W / Area: Total = 71,740 sq km - Land = 71,620 sq km - Water: 120 sq km
Country: Africa / Size Comparison to the world: 120 / Land boundaries: 1,093 km
Border countries (2): Guinea 794 km, Liberia 299 km
Coastline: 402 km / Maritime claims: Territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April)
Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east
Elevation: mean elevation: 279 m / Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m / Highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m
Natural resources: diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Land use: agricultural land: 56.2% / Arable land 23.4%; permanent crops 2.3%; permanent pasture 30.5% / Forest: 37% / other: 6.3% (2011 est.).
Irrigated land: 300 sq km (2012) / Natural hazards: dry, sand-laden harmattan winds blow from the Sahara (December to February); sandstorms, dust storms
Rainfall along the coast can reach 495 cm (195 inches) a year, making it one of the wettest places along coastal, western Africa
Environment - International agreements:
Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands.
Environment - current issues:
Rapid population growth pressuring the environment; overharvesting of timber, expansion of cattle grazing, and slash-and-burn agriculture have resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleted natural resources; overfishing.
Airports: 8 - Airports with paved runaway: 1 / Roadways: Total: 11,300 km / Paved: 904 km / unpaved: 10,396 km (2002)
Port and terminal: Freetown, Pepel, Sherbro Islands
Etymology: the Portuguese explorer Pedro de SINTRA named the country "Serra Leoa" (Lion Mountains) for the impressive mountains he saw while sailing the West African coast in 1462.
4 provinces and 1 area; Eastern, Northern, North Western, Southern, Western.
Independence day: 18 February 1965 (from the UK)
Military branches: Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF): Army (includes Maritime Wing and Air Wing) (2013)
Cabinet: Ministers of State appointed by the president, approved by Parliament; the cabinet is responsible to the president.
Religion: Muslim 78.6%, Christian 20.8%, other 0.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2013 est.)
Marine Foundation's Activities in Sierra Leone
Vocational training technical skills School would allow association with multinationals who are strategically putting their products in Africa. A first in the world, VTTS (Vocational Training Technical Skills) will be an entire full sub-faculty of Global University of Technology & Development.
Global University of Technology & Development:
The GU concept comprises building campuses on each of the 5 continents of the world. The funding would revolve around a corporate membership system established throughout the networks of the Foundation.