Republic of Senegal
Senegal's General Information
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Capital of the Republic of Senegal
Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania
Coordinates: 14 00 N, 14 00 W / Area: Total = 196,722 sq km - Land = 192,530 sq km - Water: 4,192 sq km
Country: Africa / Size Comparison to the world: 89 / Land boundaries: 2,684 km
Border countries (5): The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km
Coastline: 531 km / Maritime claims: Territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast
Elevation: mean elevation: 69 m / Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m / Highest point: unnamed elevation 2.8 km southeast of Nepean Diaka 648 m
Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore
Land use: agricultural land: 46.8% / Arable land 17.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 29.1% / Forest: 43.8% / other: 9.4% (2011 est.).
Irrigated land: 1,200 sq km (2012) / Natural hazards: lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts
Westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal
Environment - International agreements:
Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling.
Environment - current issues:
wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishinghave resulted in deforestation and soil exhaustion; civil war depleted natural resources; overfishing.
Airports: 20 (2013)- Airports with paved runaway: 9 / Roadways: Total: 16,496 km / Paved: 5,957 km (includes 72 km of expressways) / 10,539 km (2017)
Port and terminal: Dakar
Etymology: tnamed for the Senegal River that forms the northern border of the country; many theories exist for the origin of the river name; perhaps the most widely cited derives the name from "Azenegue," the Portuguese appellation for the Berber Zenaga people who lived north of the river.
Administrative divisions: 14 regions (regions, singular - region); Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, Ziguinchor.
Independence day: 4 April 1960 (from France); note - complete independence achieved upon dissolution of federation with Mali on 20 August 1960
Military branches: Senegalese Armed Forces: Army, Senegalese National Navy (Marine Senegalaise, MNS), Senegalese Air Force (Armee de l'Air du Senegal) (2017)
Cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the president.
Religion: Muslim 96.1% (must adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 3.6% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.3% (2016 est.)
Marine Foundation's Activities in Senegal
Vocational training technical skills School would allow association with multinationals who are strategically putting their products in Africa. A first in the world, VTTS (Vocational Training Technical Skills) will be an entire full sub-faculty of Global University of Technology & Development.
Global University of Technology & Development:
The GU concept comprises building campuses on each of the 5 continents of the world. The funding would revolve around a corporate membership system established throughout the networks of the Foundation.